Afghanistan’s Other Neighbors: Iran, Central Asia and China

July 2008 This dialogue conference focused on Afghanistan’s significant economic, cultural, and political relationships with its neighbors in the region beyond Pakistan.  Scholars, experts, and policy professionals from Afghanistan, the Central Asian Republics, the European Union, Turkey and the United States addressed Afghanistan’s impact on its neighbors, the significance of trans-national ethnicities and the effects…

Expanding U.S. Study Abroad in the Arab World: Challenges and Opportunities

March 2008 Held at Al-Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco, in cooperation with the Institute of International Education (IIE), this dialogue provided new perspectives to one of the fastest-growing areas of higher education.  Participants discussed how to create more diverse study abroad programs throughout the Arab world, enhance the capacity of Arab universities to host U.S….

Iraq: Unity and Diversity (October 2007)

Deep sectarian divides and different visions for Iraq’s future continue to widen rifts within Iraqi society and make advances in governance, economic progress, and stability all the more fragile.  Participants discussed Iraqi national identity, the perspective of Iraq’s neighbors, the impact of the current war on domestic politics and economics and the future of Iraq…

The Durand Line: History, Consequences, and Future

July 2007 The Durand Line, the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, has long been the site of more conflict than cooperation.  This dialogue brought together leading scholars, policy experts, and officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and several European countries to focus on the political and legal history of the boundary, its social and…

Independent Universities in the Muslim World: A New Approach, Part II

January 2007 Building on the December 2005 conference, participants in this second dialogue delved deeper into topics relating to curricula, standards of excellence, philanthropy, best practices, and international cooperation between independent universities.  Participants included presidents and administrators of higher education institutions in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi…

The Future of the Caspian Sea

May 2006 Unresolved questions of boundaries and legal regimes hinder ties between states bordering the Caspian Sea.  Dialogue participants explored potential areas of collaboration, addressing pollution, protecting fisheries and promoting maritime trade. In cooperation with the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria, the Hollings Center convened the conference with representatives of four…

Meeting of Middle Eastern Television Professionals

February 2006 Television plays a powerful role, reflecting and shaping public opinion in the Middle East.  With support from the Hollings Center, participants in this Search for Common Ground dialogue analyzed trends in Middle Eastern television, weighed the challenges of covering the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and discussed whether television programming can promote peace in the region. …